International Child Abduction
The number of mixed families and those living in more than one jurisdiction is constantly growing. When parents in such families decide to go different ways, many face a problem of maintaining their children’s meaningful relationship with both parents. Often this is complicated or even threatened by the reluctance of one of the parents to co-operate and to remain in the same jurisdiction, and their desire to relocate together with the couple’s child or children. Law provides for various mechanisms to prevent child abductions, such as court orders, preventing a passport being issued and, in urgent situations, requesting border control authorities to stop children from leaving the country. Yet international child abduction remains a major issue today.
What is international parental child abduction?
The removal or retention of a child across an international border by one parent, which is either in contravention of a court order or is without the consent of the other parent (or person who has parental rights).
Is it a criminal offence for one parent to abduct a child?
In many jurisdictions it is. However, at this stage such acts have not been criminalised in Russian law.
If your child has been wrongfully taken to or out of Russia
If the country to which your child has been taken is a member of one of the international child abduction conventions, there will be steps you can take immediately. Russia is a signatory to the Hague Convention of 25 October 1980 on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction and the Convention on Protection of Children 19 October 1996 whereby any child wrongfully removed or retained outside the country of habitual residence is to be immediately returned to his or her home.
Information and text of the Hague Convention on Jurisdiction, Applicable Law, Recognition, Enforcement and Cooperation in Respect of Parental Responsibility and Measures for the Protection of Children 19 October 1996
Each country party to the convention has a designated authority in charge. You can find the central authority in your country by following this link. In Russia it is the Ministry of Education and Science (the Department for Children’s Rights Protection State Policy).
Contact information of the Russian Central Authority
Address: Lyusinovskaya street, 51, Moscow, Russia, 117997
Telephone numbers: +7 (499) 237 9411
Fax number: +7 (499) 237 5874
Evgeny A. Silyanov [Director of the Department]
tel. +7 (499) 237 5874
Vladimir L. Kabanov [Deputy Director of the Department]
tel. +7 (499) 237 6235
Irina I. Romanova [Head of the Division for normative and legal regulation in the sphere of children’s rights protection of the Department]
tel. +7 (499) 237 1146
Anna N. Shchepetkova [Deputy Head of the Division for normative and legal regulation in the sphere of children’s rights protection of the Department]
tel. +7 (499) 236 1375
Olga A. Togina [Counselor of the Division for normative and legal regulation in the sphere of children’s rights protection of the Department]
tel. +7 (499) 237 9411
Contacts for Media+7 (495) 629-53-27
Further useful information:
If you have any further enquiries on international child abduction and implementation of the Hague Convention in Russian legal reality, please contact me directly.